Flipping the ClassroomMaking time for interaction and collaboration
The Flipped Classroom Model
The Flipped Classroom is a pedagogical model in which the typical lecture and homework elements of a course are reversed. (EDUCAUSE, 2016)
The flipped classroom inverts traditional teaching methods, delivering instruction online outside of class and using the time in the classroom to apply that knowledge in practical ways. This could mean: projects, group assignments, case studies or any number of other learning activities.
In the flipped classroom model, students read, listen and watch materials online before coming to class to work together on learning activities. The instructor is present while students apply new knowledge and can offer instant feedback or instruction. It allows teachers to quickly identify and revisit concepts students have the most trouble with. Click here for examples of the flipped classroom.
Benefits of Flipping the Classroom
The flipped model puts more of the learning responsibility on the students, while giving them greater freedom to experiment together in the classroom. Flipping the classroom helps students in a number of ways:
- A flipped classroom turns class time into an active workshop where students are encouraged to question, reflect and experiment.
- Moving lecture content outside of the classroom makes class time more meaningful and engaging.
- By reviewing lecture materials before class, students have more time to reflect and absorb the content.
- Lectures that can be viewed more than once help learners absorb content, especially those whose first language is not English.
- The flipped classroom helps build community. Collaborative projects encourage social interaction among students, allowing them to learn from one another and help each other.
Flipping learning brings positive changes for teachers. Traditionally teachers engage mostly with confident students who ask more questions. Flipping allows teachers to help students who really need help and challenge the students who are more advanced.
Use your Blackboard to facilitate flipped learning:
- Post video lectures or Podcasts that you’ve created or found online
- Provide online articles or electronic readings for students to review before class
- Create automatically-graded online quizzes as a knowledge check
- Set up discussion boards for students to reflect on course topics and prepare for in class discussion
- Use Achievements (Blackboard’s digital badges) to reward the progress of learning
- Encourage students to meet virtually in Blackboard Collaborate and work together on projects and share resources
To ensure a smooth start with flipped classrooms for you and your students consider the following:
- As you develop your lessons plan, start with weekly objectives and determine what content can be learned outside of the classroom
- Create or find the “At home” lessons and reading materials
- If you create a video lecture, keep it short, no longer than 10 minutes
On your first class meeting:
- Discuss with your students the expectations you have for content to be reviewed before class.
- Ensure that students can access the learning materials; make it clear where and how they will find the content and how they are expected to interact with it
- Start small and keep it simple, choosing the lessons that would benefit most from this alternative instructional format.
- Ask for student feedback along the way to refine your teaching practice for next time.
There are a number of learning activities you can apply to engage your students in the flipped classroom model. Here are several examples of both individual and collective activities.
- Problem sets/quizzes
- Journal responses
- Word webs/concept maps
- Critical debates
- Case studies
- Think-aloud problem-solving with prepared questions
Brian White has been teaching Biology to classes of between 200 and 400 students each semester for the past twenty years. In order to keep raising the level of engagement of his students… …Brian has been experimenting with different models of a Flipped Classroom. An Example of a Flipped Classroomread more
Members of the eLearning and Instructional Support team are here to help you get started with flipped classroom. Email us at email@example.com to schedule a consult and explore additional tools to better meet the various needs of your course.